Thursday, February 6, 2020
Management for organizations - Research Paper Example The five core principles of management are planning, organizing, staffing, leading and controlling. This is usually a process which starts from organizing and ends in controlling. Planning entails the creation of strategies to achieve certain goals. For instance, managers may be given a task of increasing the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s sales. In the planning, they should find out what the most appropriate advertisement tool is Ã¢â¬â to advertise with the help of media or to create a sales force team. After planning, the organizing part commences. Organizing is the putting in place the strategies generated from the planning part. After organizing the managers will need a workforce to help them achieve their goals. The incorporation of the workforce is referred to as staffing. This entails training, recruiting and developing employees. After staffing, the managers should play the role of the leaders. With a plan in place and a working force in place, the managers need to be motivators and enc ouragers to their team. Controlling entails keeping track of the project being undertaken. This also includes correcting mistakes which may occur in the course of the project. In controlling, a manager compares the goals set for the project and the development of the project. This ensures that the original set of goals is achieved. Due to the analysis of the functions of management, the assessment process becomes easier since for every step of management the requirements are well known.Ã The outcome of proper management provides the best mode of analyzing its success.Ã However, there should be an accurate process of determining whether or not a management strategy is successful. In analyzing the success of management, each principle should be analyzed separately. This provides room for accuracy and enables to determine which principle is affected negatively. According to Kubiszyn and Borich (2010), devising an evaluation plan for a management team requires the use of results th e particular management has achieved in prior processes. The main problem when it comes to management evaluation is that the assessment results are usually not reliable and accurate (Kubiszyn & Borich, 2010). If this happens, the manager may be advised to take on changes which will lead to
Tuesday, January 28, 2020
Contributions of Science in Maintaining World Peace Essay Science has made great progress in recent times. Through science man has been able to conquer nature. He has acquired control over land, air and water. Time and distance have no meaning in this sputnik Age. Some people think that science is responsible for wars. It has placed in the hands of the man extremely destructive weapons. They may ruin the world completely. It may be true to some extent. But science has also contributed a lot towards world peace. Today very fast means of transport and communications are available. Armies can be moved from one place to another in no times. These forces check the advance of an enemy. Thus war is prevented. Big wars break out due to certain causes. Poverty, disease, hunger, etc. , are enemies of mankind. Some countries are rich while others are poor. Scientific inventions have given us valuable machines. With their help production has been increased manifold. Even the backward and poor countries have now begun to enjoy a better standard of living. The contribution of science to medical science is well known to everyone. Wonderful drops like penicillin, streptomycin, Chloromycetin, etc. , have been discovered. They have ensured long and healthy life to the people of the world. By removing such causes of war, science has helped in reducing the chances of a world war to the minimum. Small sparks lead to big conflagrations. Similarly minor internal disturbances within a country sometimes lead to big wars, but now-a-days the police and military can be sent to the spots of trouble within no time. Thus, internal peace is far more secure today than it ever was. Science has given very effective means of propaganda. The Radio, the Television, the News paper and the cinema are very powerful means of propaganda. Through them, the people of the world can easily know the horrible effects of modern warfare. Through cinema, pictures of horrors of war are shown to the people. Thus public opinion is created against war. This also helps in preventing war. Science has not reached the limits of its inventions even now. It is making even more starting inventions. It is now busy in acquiring control over outer space. Furthermore, man is today more conscious of necessity of world peace than ever before. He has begun to use his knowledge of science for peaceful purposes. Let us be optimistic that science enables us to banish war completely in the near future.
Monday, January 20, 2020
Blurred Boundaries in TriflesÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã In her landmark feminist play, "Trifles," Susan Glaspell offers a peek at the complicated political and social systems that both silenced and divided women during their struggle for equality with men. In this simple but highly symbolic tale, a farmer's wife, Minnie Wright, is accused of strangling her husband to death. The county attorney, the sheriff, a local farmer, the sheriff's wife and the farmer's wife visit Minnie's farm house. As the men "look for clues," the women survey Minnie's domestic environment. While the men scoff at the women's interest in what they call "trifles," the women discover Minnie's strangled bird to realize that Minnie's husband had killed the bird and Minnie had, in turn, killed him. They bond in acknowledgment that women "all go through the same things--it's all just different kind of the same thing" (1076). As their horror builds and the women unravel the murder, they agree to cooperate with one another, conspiring to protect Minnie against the men by hiding the incriminating "evidence." Women's slow reluctance to cooperate across class even in the face of male oppression, as depicted in Glaspell's play, symbolizes the difficulty women had in creating a united "cross class sisterhood" when struggling for suffrage during the Gilded Age. This class conflict was exacerbated by the socio-economic dynamics of the day. Middle class women often employed working class women in their homes as servants. Employing women with hypothetically oppressive wages in their "private lives," while at the same time fighting for the economic freedom of all women in their "public lives" placed middle class women in a hypocritical bind. As historian Lois Banner reports, "In the 1900s and 1910s there was an outpouring of writings on the so-called servant problem--the shortage of women willing to work as cooks and maids. . . .It was not simply that they [servants] were expected to be paid long hours and were not well paid; they were subject to the whims and status anxieties of their mistresses " (52). The control that middle class women reportedly bestowed upon their domestic laborers extended into the larger picture; much of middle class club work focused on the "reform" of working class women. The imposition of middle class values onto working class and black women's lives alienated these women--making the feelings of sisterhood necessary for solidarity, nearly impossible. As historian Nancy Hewitt explains, "When 'true women' [i.
Sunday, January 12, 2020
Ethnocentric is a staffing policy that is used in companies that has primarily international strategic orientation. This policy is generally adopted by headquarters by sending employees from the home or parent countries to the host country. This approach is used best in some situations such as, a team is sent from the home country to help setting up a new plant as well as train subsidiary personnel to use new system. The benefit of having staffs from home country abroad is that employees may gain experiences worldwide in order to become higher level in management of their headquarters because international managers require broad perspective and international exposure. For the example of Ethnocentric policies have McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s. McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s follows the ethnocentric orientation model. This requires an American management culture in all worldÃ¢â¬â¢s areas inside and outside the company (HRM, production method, training, motivationÃ¢â¬ ¦) McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s has created it own world center for training: The Ã¢â¬Å"Hamburger UniversityÃ¢â¬ . Headquartered in Oak Brook, Illinois (USA). It offers training programs exclusively for McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s employees. These staff, coming from over 119 countries, represents the Ã¢â¬Å"McFamilyÃ¢â¬ . The training program of the Ã¢â¬Å"Hamburger UniversityÃ¢â¬ aims to develop the McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s staff at all levels of the organization. it also aims to train people for a long career at McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s, as the policy is based on long-term careerÃ¢â¬â¢s concept and strong possibilities of change and development within the group. It promises simple teammate to move up the ranks quickly. This is a crucial point for McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s HRMÃ¢â¬â¢s communication. I n Europe and in spite of cultural diversity, this model demonstrates its large success. Polycentric is the policy involved hiring and promoting employees who are citizens of the host countries that the subsidiary is operated. This policy is best used when companies want to keep hiring cost low. Moreover, employees who are hired at subsidiary level would not have any problem adapting to the culture. Communication is smooth within the operation. For the example of Polycentric policy: Starbucks Through a flat and flexible structure, Starbucks empowers employees to make decisions without management referral and are encouraged to consider themselves as a part of the business. This point is issued by companyÃ¢â¬â¢s corporate culture and such work environment has positive ripples on employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ motivation. This principle increases the involvement and the commitment of each employees from subsidiaries and makes them feel necessary for the company. This high level of autonomy allows workers to be more innovative and to take more initiatives. Thanks to its structure and to the empowerment of its employees, the company has managed to facilitate the exchange and the transversal communication, which allows it to react rapidly to the customersÃ¢â¬â¢ needs or to cope with more effectively with problems. Starbucks CEO and the board of directors wanted the mission statement to convey a strong sense of organizational purpose and to articulate the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s fundamental beliefs and guiding principles. They also pay attention to employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ and customersÃ¢â¬â¢ concerns to make the mission statement evolve. Indeed, these mission statements are based on several principles that consider the interests of customers, communities, employees, shareholders, and ecological considerations in all aspects of their operations. Geocentric staffing approach is used when companies adopt a transnational orientation. It is best used when companies need the best personnel to work at subsidiary. Employees are selected regardless where they come from. This staffing strategy is reliable for all subsidiaries because best employees are selected and sent from the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s worldwide network. For the example of Geocentric staffing have: Volkswagen The challenge of this joint venture was in harmonizing the Czech culture with the VolkswagenÃ¢â¬â¢s (VW) culture. The formation of the new corporate culture has gone through three stages: To install this VW culture in the Czech plant, policy measures varied. For example, information was disseminated concerning the activities in all sections of the company, including in the head office, training was implemented at VW and VW were assigned to the VW factory in the Czech Republic to spread the to VW company philosophy. The main problem centered on the difference between the socialist mind set and the VW culture. To resolve the problem, key positions were entrusted to employees from VW, trained in the dual system. The creation of a uniform corporate culture in a multicultural environment is a very important strategic task. The solution was to link the different work attitudes with different business structures for a new unit to be reborn. Then, all participants would be satisfied. Staffing Approach Strategic Appropriateness Advantages Disadvantages Ethnocentric International Overcomes lack of qualified managers in host nation Unified Culture Helps transfer core competencies Produces resentment in host country Can lead to cultural myopia Polycentric Multidomestic Aleviates cultural myopia Inexpensive to implement Limits career mobility Isolates headquarters from foreign subsidiaries Geocentric Global and translational Uses human resources efficiently Helps build strong cultre and informal management network Expensive
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Blocking diode The blocking diode is a helpful tool for limiting the direction energy can flow through a wire to just one direction. It uses a semiconductor P/N junction achieve this behavior. The diagram shows a simple setup with two panels charging a battery (for simplicity no controller is shown) with a blocking diode in series with the two panels, which are also wired in series. When the sun shines, as long as the voltage produced by the two panels is greater than that of the battery, charging will take place. However, in the dark, when no voltage is being produced by the panels, the voltage of the battery would cause a current to flow in the opposite direction through the panels, discharging the battery, if it was not for the blocking diode in the circuit. Blocking diodes will be of benefit in any system using solar panels to charge a battery. Blocking diodes are usually included in the construction of solar panels so further blocking diodes are not required. Most photovoltaic solar panels are used to charge a battery during the daytime. Nearly all panels come equipped with a blocking diode. The diode prevents DC current from flowing backwards from the battery bank into the panel at night. The usual blocking device of choice is a schottky diode with a typical 0.5v voltage drop. In some large panels, which can often source over 4 Amps of current, the power loses due to this voltage dropShow MoreRelatedGsm Based Anti Theft System11765 Words Ã |Ã 48 Pages 4.5 MICROCONTROLLER (AT89S52/C51) 4.6 GSM COMMUNICATION 4.7 GSM MODEM 4.9 SMART CARD MODULE 4.10 KEYPAD 4.11 LCD DISPLAY 4.12 MAX-232 4.13 DB9 CONNECTOR 4.14 ENERGY METER 4.15 BC547 4.15 OPTOCOUPLER 4.16 1N4007 4.17 RESISTOR 4.18 CAPACITOR 5. SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS 56 5.1 IDE 57 5.2 CONCEPT OF COMPILER 57 5.3 CONCEPT OF CROSSRead MoreFinal Year Project (Heat Sensor)15216 Words Ã |Ã 61 Pages After Transformation PCB Layout PCB Layout Sample Original After Transformation Component Used Part Description Note IC 1 LM741 Op-Amp NE741,Ã µA741,etc Q1 2N2222A transistor Any power of transistor D1 1N4148 Diode 1N4001, or others Th1 10k Thermistor KC003T in prototype Re1 12v Relay RS is 1A R1 15k,Ã ¼W,5% resistor Brown-green-orange R2,R5 10k,Ã ¼W,5% resistor Brown-black-orange R3 150k,Ã ¼W,5% resistor Brown-green-yellow R4 4.7k,Ã ¼W,5% resistor Yellow-purple-redRead MoreHydraulic System Introduction18784 Words Ã |Ã 76 Pageswork under high pressures, can be very expensive. (5) Hydraulic fluids under pressure are dangerous and under certain conditions, flammable. PRINCIPLES OF HYDRAULIC SYSTEM OPERATION Introduction Hydraulic systems employ fluids to transmit energy from the point of application, ie power source to the output actuator. A fluid is defined as, Ã¢â¬Ëa substance that will readily take up the shape of its containerÃ¢â¬â¢ and it may be either a liquid or a gas. However, one of the main characteristics ofRead MoreHarmonic Load Flow Analysis8204 Words Ã |Ã 33 Pageswhich include * Rectifiers * Inverters * Static VAR compensators * Cycloconverters * HVDC transmission The thyristor family includes: * Reverse blocking triode thyristors or silicon controlled rectifiers Ã¢â¬Å"SCRÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬ * Bidirectional triode thyristors known as triacs * Bidirectional diode thyristors known as diacs * Reverse conducting triode thyristors * Light- activated SCRÃ¢â¬â¢s * Asymmetrical SCRÃ¢â¬â¢s * Static inductive thyristors * Gate turn-off thyristorsRead MoreQuality Improvement328284 Words Ã |Ã 1314 Pagesframework to use in conducting quality improvement projects. DMAIC often is associated with six-sigma, but regardless of the approach taken by an organization strategically, DMAIC is an excellent tactical tool for quality professionals to employ. Part II is a description of statistical methods useful in quality improvement. Topics include sampling and descriptive statistics, the basic notions of probability and probability distributions, point and interval estimation of parameters, and statistical hypothesisRead MoreManaging Information Technology (7th Edition)239873 Words Ã |Ã 960 PagesTechnology Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Enterprise Systems 189 Managerial Support Systems E-Business Systems 253 187 223 PART III Acquiring Information Systems 327 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10 Chapter 11 Basic Systems Concepts and Tools 329 Methodologies for Custom Software Development 361 Methodologies for Purchased Software Packages 390 IT Project Management 410 PART IV The Information Management System Chapter 12 Chapter 13 Chapter 14 Chapter 15 517 Planning Information
Friday, December 27, 2019
Assessment 1.1: understanding dementia 1. Explain what is meant by the term Ã¢â¬ËdementiaÃ¢â¬â¢. Dementia is a term used to describe a collection of signs and symptoms that happen to the brain when it is affected by the progression of certain diseases such as vascular dementia (when brain cells die due to lack of oxygen) and AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s disease (a specific brain disease). Some of the affects these diseases have are on a personÃ¢â¬â¢s memory, language and communication abilities, behaviour and ability to make rational judgements. 2. The estimated total number of people diagnosed with dementia in the uk is 820,000 3.1 The estimated worldwide number of people with dementia is 35 million 3.2 In terms of ratio the prevalence ofÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦c) Cerebellum Ã¢â¬â when an individual is affected with dementia in this lobe they will have problems with their balance and co-ordination. This can lead to them having more falls than they previously had. 6. Why each of these following conditions could be mistaken for dementia a) Depression- individuals with severe depression suffer with poor memories and lack concentration. They will also become less motivated and become withdraw. These are all signs of dementia. A general practitioner may think that it is more likely that an elderly person is suffering from dementia than depression. b) Delirium Ã¢â¬â this illness comes on quickly and advances rapidly. It is caused by infections, dehydration, and thyroid dysfunction and can be a side effect from certain drugs. Once the individual is receiving treatment they will be on their way to returning to their normal state. The symptoms are similar to dementia as it can cause memory loss, disorientation, language disturbances and hallucinations. c) Age-related cognitive impairment (or mild cognitive impairment MCI) Ã¢â¬â is when an elderly personÃ¢â¬â¢s memory starts to wane and they have problems recalling their short term memories, they have difficulty learning new things, their thinking process starts to become reduced and have difficulty concentrating. It is thought that MCI can develop due to alcohol abuse and cognitive decline (poor diet, chronic inflammation, vascular disease andShow MoreRelatedNcfe Level 2 Certificate in the Principles of Dementia Care.2763 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesLee Clark. NCFE level 2 Certificate in the Principles of Dementia Care. Unit 1. Q1. Explain what is meant by the term dementia Dementia is a broad term used to describe the symptoms that occur when the brain is affected by specific diseases and conditions.Dementia is a progressive disease and the symptoms will get gradually worse. | Q2. Describe how dementia can affect a person if the following areas of the brain are damaged by dementia. Area of Brain | How damage to this area might
Wednesday, December 18, 2019
Inception, the act of instilling an idea into someonesÃ¢â¬â¢ mind by entering his or her dreams (dictionary.com). In the movie Inception Dom CobbsÃ¢â¬â¢ goal is to plant an idea in Robert FichersÃ¢â¬â¢ mind through way of his dreams. This is because they want him to find his dadsÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬Å"other willÃ¢â¬ so that Robert will not carry on in his dadsÃ¢â¬â¢ footsteps but choose create his own destiny. However, Robert is not really choosing this on his own free will because the idea is being planted in his mind by someone else. Because of the events in this movie the director would be considered a hard determinist. Robert believes that he made the decision when in Ã¢â¬Å"realityÃ¢â¬ his decision was an illusion. Another of example of not having free will is when Mal kills herself. She thinks she is choosing to do it on her own when she really did not. The reason she killed herself is because Cobb planted the idea in her mind while they were stuck in limbo. He did this to bring them both back to Ã¢â¬Å"realityÃ¢â¬ . Quotations are required around Ã¢â¬Å"realityÃ¢â¬ because in this movie there is no way to determine if something is a dream or reality. During the movie Cobb tells Ariadne about his wife, Mal, who would always show up during his dreams. Cobb and Mal ended up getting stuck in limbo. They got stuck in limbo because the dream became their reality. Cobb eventually, after fifty years in the dream world, that he was not in reality. However, he could not convince Mal since she locked away what kept her grounded to reality, her